Categories of troop by era in history

Any other ideas that does not fit to the specific categories.

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Categories of troop by era in history

Post by FiredClay » Mon Jun 27, 2016 3:25 am

As this game grows, it may need a way to separate the troop in order of when these troops would have fought.
I don't know about you but I certainly don't want to lead men into battle equipped with nothing but bow and swords and horses against more modern weapons such as the tanks used during world war 2.
Valiant courage showing brave man still bleed red.

I plan on pasting weapons sorted by time periods here.
As soon as I can
I'll also have to make links of where I found these list.
Last edited by FiredClay on Mon Jun 27, 2016 3:41 am, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Categories of troop by era in history

Post by FiredClay » Mon Jun 27, 2016 3:32 am

PREMODERN combat weapons
Please forgive the horrible condition of these posts, I'll edit later

Melee weapons
Single-handed weapons not resembling a straight dagger blade, usually wielded without wrist action; often protects the forearm.

--Bagh naka, tiger claws (India)
--Brass knuckles, knuckle dusters (Europe)
--Cestus, bladed cestus, caestus, myrmex, sphairai (Mediterranean)
--Deer Horn Knives (China)
--Finger knife (Africa)
--Gauntlet (Europe)
--Indian parrying weapon (India)
--Katar, Suwaiya (कटार) (India)
--Korean fan, Mubuchae (무부채), tempered birch fan (Korea)
--Maduvu, buckhorn parrying stick, Maru (India)
--Nyepel, Larim fighting bracelet (Africa)
--Pata, sword gauntlet (India)
--Push dagger, also see Katar (dagger) (India)
--Roman scissor (Mediterranean; not well attested. May have been a semicircular blade affixed to the end of a metal cylinder -----encasing the forearm.)
--Tekko (Japan)
--Japanese fan, iron fan (Japan)
--Wind and fire wheels (China)
--Emeici (China)

Thrusting and slicing weapons for close quarters melee.

Delineated as 20-28 inches/51–71 cm total length.

-Straight shortswords

--Baselard (Europe)
--Bilbo (Europe)
--Bronze/iron sword, Celtic dagger, Celtic sword, leaf-shaped dagger, leaf-shaped sword (Europe)
--Bolo (Philippines/Southeast Asia)
--Bowie knife United States (North America )
--Cinquedea, Anelace (Europe)
--Khanjali Georgia (Caucasus)
--Colichemarde (Europe)
--Cossack dagger, kama, kinjal, Ottoman quama, quama (Middle East)
--Gladius (Europe, Mediterranean)
--Misericorde (Europe)
--Small sword (Europe)
--Swiss dagger, Holbein dagger, Schweizerdegen (Europe)
--Xiphos (Mediterranean)

-Curved shortswords

--Aikuchi, Haikuchi (Japan)
--Barong (Southeast Asia)
--Kodachi, Chisakatana (Japan)
--Pinuti (Southeast Asia)
--Shikomizue (Japan)
--Talibon (Southeast Asia)
--Wakizashi (Japan)
--Kaduthala, Kerala, (India)

Further information: Types of swords
Long swords were classified by Gordon as longer than 28 inches/71 cm.

-Curved one-handed swords

--Ayudha katti (South and Southeast Asian)
--Backsword (European)
--Cutlass, hanger, hangar (European)
--Dao, Beidao, Zhibei dao (Chinese)
--Dha (Southeast Asian)
--Dussack, disackn, dusack, dusagge, dusegg, dusegge, dysack, tesak, thuseckn, tuseckn (European; debated. Although some list this weapon only as a wooden practice sword, others state that there are real, metal examples.)[3]
--Falchion (European)
--Hunting sword (European)
--Hwando (Korean)
--Kampilan (Philippines/Southeast Asian)
--Karabela (European)
--Kastane (Southeast Asia)
--Khopesh, sappara, sickle-sword (Middle eastern)
--Kilij (Middle Eastern)
--Klewang (Southeast Asian)
--Krabi (Southeast Asian)
--Kukri, Khukri (Nepal)
--Liuyedao (Chinese)
--Mameluke (Middle Eastern)
--Messer, Großmesser, Hiebmesser, Kriegsmesser, Langes messer (European)
--Nimcha (African)
--Piandao (Chinese)
--Pulwar (Middle Eastern)
--Sabre, Briquet (European)
--Schweizersäbel (European)
--Scimitar, Saif (Middle Eastern)
--Shamshir (Middle Eastern)
--Shashka (European)
--Szabla (European)
--Talwar (Middle Eastern)
--Yanmaodao (Chinese)

-Straight one-handed swords

--Arming sword, war sword (European)
--Basket-hilted sword, broadsword, heavy cavalry sword, mortuary sword, schiavona (European)
--Chokutō (Japanese)
--Épée (European. Although now a fencing practice weapon, it originally was a stiff, heavy, triangular-bladed thrusting sword weighing about 30oz.)
--Espada ropera or Rapier (European)
--Estoc (European)
--Firangi, Firanghi (Central Asian)
--Flamberge (European)
--Flyssa (North African)
--Hwandudaedo (Korean)
--Ida (West African)
--Jian (Chinese)
--Kaskara (Central African)
--Katzbalger (German)
--Khanda (South Asian)
--Longsword, grootzwaard, langschwert, spadone, spada longa (lunga), montante (European)
--Malabar Coast Sword (Southeast Asian)
--Patag (Bhutanese)
--Rapier (European)
--Saingeom (Korean)
--Seax (European)
--Side-sword (European)
--Spadroon (European)
--Spatha (Mediterranean)
--Takoba (North African)
--Tibetan Jian (Middle Asian)[3]
--Tsurugi (Japanese)
--Ulfberht (Viking)

-Curved two-handed swords

--Dōtanuki (Japanese)
--Falx (European)
--Katana (Japanese)
--Miao dao (Chinese)
--Nandao (Chinese)
--Nihontō (Japanese)
--Panabas (Filipino)
--Ssangsudo (Korean)
--Tachi (Japanese)
--Uchigatana (Japanese)

-Hand-and-a-half and two-handed greatswords

--Assamese dao (Indian, Southeast Asian)
--Boar sword (European)
--Changdao (Chinese)
--Claidheamh Da Laimh, Highland sword (European)
--Claymore, Scottish Gaelic for "great sword", (Scottish, European)
--Dadao (Chinese)
--Espadon (European)
--Executioner's sword, heading sword, sword of justice (European)
--Flame-bladed sword, flambard, flammard, Flammenschwert (European)
--Katana (Japanese)
--Longsword, bastard sword, espée bastarde, hand-and-a-half sword (European)
--Nagamaki (Japanese)
--Nodachi, Ōdachi (Japanese)
--Parade sword, Paratschwerter (European)
--Wodao (Chinese)
--Zanbatō (Japanese)
--Zhanmadao (Chinese)
--Zweihänder, Dopplehänder, lowland sword, tuck, two-handed sword, great sword, spadone, montante (European)

Axe-like swords
Generally, convex blades used for heavy chopping or slashing.

--Aruval (South Asian)
--Bolo, Itak (Philippines/Asian)
--Falcata (Mediterranean)
--Golok (Southeast Asian)
--Harpe (Mediterranean)
--Kopis (Mediterranean)
--Kora (Southeast Asian)
--Machete/Vettukathi (Southeast Asian)
--Makhaira (Mediterranean)
--One-handed dacian falx, Sica (Mediterranean)
--Parang Pandit (Southeast Asian)
--Sosun pattah (South Asian)
--Yatagan, yataghan (Middle Eastern)

Other swords

--Hook sword (Chinese)
--Shotel (Abyssinian)

Knives and daggers
Further information: List of daggers

-Sickles and sickle-like knives
Generally short, concave blades used for heavy cutting.

--Arit (Indonesian/Madurese)Karambit, kerambit, korambit (Indonesian/Minangkabau)
--Kujang (Indonesian/Sundanese)
--Mandau (Borneo/Indonesian,Malaysian,Brunei)
Pichangatti (Indian)
Punyal (Philippines/Southeast Asia)
Sickle (Worldwide; improvised)
Sudanese sickle-knife (African)
Wedong (Southeast Asian)

Picks and pickaxes

Chicken sickles (Chinese)
Crowbill (European, Central Asian)
Elephant goad, Ankus, Ankusha, Bullhook, Elephant Hook (South and Southeast Asian)
Hakapik (European)
Horseman's pick, Martel de Fer (European; also a blunt weapon)
Kama (Japanese)
Mattock (European; improvised)
Pickaxe (European; improvised)
War hammer (European; also a blunt weapon)


Adze (European; improvised)
Bardiche (European)
Battle axe (European)
Broadaxe (European)
Bhuj, with blade shaped like the dagger on a long shaft
Congolese Ax (African)
Dahomey Axe Club (African; also an effective blunt weapon)
Dane Axe, English Long Axe, Hafted Axe, Shorter Danish Axe, Viking Axe (European)
Doloire (European)
Fu (Chinese)
Hand axe, Ovate handaxe (Paleolithic)
Hatchet (European)
Igorot Headhunting Axe (Philippines/Southeast Asian)
Labrys (Mediterranean)
Long-bearded axe (European)
Masakari (Japanese)
Nzappa zap (African, also thrown)
Ono (Japanese)
Palstave (European, Bronze Age; improvised)
Sagaris (Mediterranean)
Shepherd's axe, Valaška (European)
Sparth Axe (European)
Tabarzin (Middle Eastern)
Tomahawk, Spontoon Tomahawk (Americas; also thrown)
Vechevoral (Middle Asian)

Trauma weapons (clubs)
Wielded with one or two hands at close quarters with swinging motions.

Aklys (Origin unknown)
Canne de combat (European)
Crop (implement) (Worldwide)
Cambuk (Southeast Asian)
Chúi (Chinese)
Club, baseball bat, bludgeon, cudgel, stone club, truncheon
Bō (Japanese)
Bokken (Japanese)
Returning boomerang (Australia)
Clubbing boomerang (worldwide)
Eskrima Sticks, straight sticks (Southeast Asian)
Flail (European)
Frying Pan (improvised)
Gurz, Ottoman Gurz (Middle Eastern)[3]
Hammer (improvised)
Hanbō (Japanese)
Horseman's pick, horseman's hammer, martel de fer (European; also a pickaxe weapon)
Jutte, Jitte (Japanese)
Kanabō (Japanese)
Knobkierrie, knobkerry, knopkierie (African)
Kurunthadi, churuvadi, kuruvadi, muchan, otta (Indian)
Kotiate (New Zealand)
Macana (Americas)
Mace, flanged mace (European), spiked mace (European, Middle Asian)
Macuahuitl, maquahuitl (Americas)
Mere (New Zealand)
Morning star, goedendag, holy water sprinkler (European)
Mughal Mace (Central Asian)[3]
Ōtsuchi (Japanese)
Patu, Patuki (New Zealand)
Plançon a picot, Planson (European)
Rock (universal, improvised)
Roundhead (European)
Rungu (African; also thrown)
Sai (weapon)
Shillelagh (Irish)
Short Scepter, Mace Scepter (European)
Sledgehammer, maul (European; improvised)
Suburito (Japanese)
Tambo, tanbo (Okinawan)
Tekkan (Japanese)
Tewhatewha (New Zealand)
Tonfa (Okinawan)
Waddy, Nulla Nulla (Australian)
War hammer (European; also a pickaxe weapon)
Wrench (improvised)
Yawara, Yawara-bo (Japanese), Dulodulo, Pasak (Southeast Asian)
Yubi-bo (Japanese)
Gunstock war club (Americas; also thrown)

Pole weapons
Wielded mainly with two hands. Primarily for melee with sweeping, thrusting, and/or hooking motions.

Blunt staves

Bâton français (European)
Bō (Japan)
Eku (Okinawan)
Gun (staff) (Chinese)
Jō (Japanese)
Lathi (Indian)
Naboot, asaya, asa, nabboot, shoum (Middle Eastern)
Quarterstaff (European)
Shareeravadi (Middle Asian)
Taiaha (New Zealand)

Further information: List of types of spears § Spears which are usually used in melee combat
Thrown spears and javelins are listed under ranged weapons.

Ahlspiess, awl pike (European)
Atgeir (European)
Boar spear (European)
Brandistock, buttafuore, feather staff (European)
Dangpa-chang (Korean; also thrown)
Dory, doru (Mediterranean)
Hasta (Mediterranean)
Hoko yari (Japanese)
Iklwa (Zulu)
Jukjangchangbo, chichang, dongyemochang, daijichang, Nangsun, sabarichang, toupjang, yangjimochang (Korean)
Lance (European)
Menaulion (Mediterranean)
Migration Period spear, framea, gaizaz, gar, geirr, ger (European)
Military fork (European)
Pitchfork (improvised)
Qiang (spear) (Chinese)
Ranseur, rawcon, runka (European)
Saintie (Middle Asian)
Sarissa (Mediterranean)
Sibat, bangkaw, palupad, sumbling (Southeast Asian)
Spetum (European)
Swordstaff (European)
Trishula (Indian, Southeast Asian)
Yari (Japanese)

Polearms with axe-like blades

Arbir (Southeast Asian)
Bardiche (European)
Bec de corbin, bec de faucon (European)
Bill, bill Hook, bill-guisarme, English bill (European)
Bisento (Japanese)
Chacing staff (European)
Dagger-axe, Ko (Chinese)
Danish axe, English long axe, hafted axe, longer Danish axe, Viking axe (European)
Fauchard (European)
Gandasa (South Asian; improvised)
Glaive (European)
Guan (Kwan) Dao (Chinese)
Guisarme (European)
Halberd (European)
Ji (Chinese)
Jedwart stave (European)
Lochaber axe (European)
Long-handled Nagamaki (Japanese)
Man catcher (European)
Monk's spade (Chinese)
Naginata (Japanese)
Ngaw (Southeast Asian)
Nulbjakchang, galgorichang (Korean)
Ox tongue spear (European)
Partisan, partizan (European)
Pollaxe, Poleaxe (European)
Pudao (Chinese)
Rhomphaia (Mediterranean)
Sasumata (Japanese)
Scythe (improvised)
Sodegarami (Japanese)
Tepoztopilli (Americas)
Tongi, two-pointed, four-pointed tongi (South Asian)[3]
Tsukubō (Japanese)
Two-handed Dacian falx (Mediterranean)
Voulge (European)
War scythe

Polearms with spikes and hammers

Bec de corbin (European)
Lucerne hammer (European)
Zhua (Chinese)

Ranged weapons


Spears and javelins
Further information: List of types of spears § Spears which are usually thrown
All could be used as polearm spears, but were designed and primarily used for throwing.

Angon (European)
Assegai, assagai (African)
Atlatl and darts (Americas, paleolithic cultures)
Falarica, phalarica (Mediterranean)
Harpoon (worldwide)
Javelin (Mediterranean)
Jangchang (Korean)
Lancea (Mediterranean)
Northern Spear (Philippines/Southeast Asian)
Pilum (Mediterranean)
Soliferrum, Saunion, Soliferreum (Mediterranean)
Spiculum (Mediterranean)
Verutum (Mediterranean)
Woomera, Amirre (Australian)

Throwing sticks

Boomerang (Australian, worldwide)
Knobkierrie, knopkierie, knobkerry (African; also a blunt weapon)
Rungu (East African)

Throwing blades and darts

Chakram (Indian, Southeast Asian)
Martiobarbuli, plumbata (Mediterranean)
Shaken or shuriken/kurumaken, bo-shuriken/throwing spikes, hira-shuriken/throwing stars (Japanese)
Kpinga (The Zande tribe)
Kunai (improvised, Japanese)
Throwing knife (Worldwide)
Thrown darts (worldwide)
Swiss arrow

Throwing axes
Could also be used as axe weapons, but were specifically designed for throwing.

Francisca, francesca (European)
Hunga munga, danisco, goleyo, njiga (African)
Hurlbat, whirlbat (European)
Nzappa zap (African)
Tomahawk (Americas; also an axe weapon)

Throwing balls

Bolas (South Americas)



Decurve bow (sub-category)
Deflex bow (sub-category)
English longbow, Welsh longbow, Warbow
Self bow
Daikyū (Japanese)

Recurved bows

Cable-backed bow
Composite bow
Hungarian bow (sub-category)
Perso-Parthian bow (Middle Eastern)

Short bows and reflex bows

Gungdo, Hwal (Korean)
Hankyū (Japanese)
Mongol bow (Eastern European, Chinese)
Turkish bow (Eastern European)


Arbalest, Arblast (European)
Bullet Bow, English bullet bow, pellet crossbow (European)
Chu Ko Nu (Chinese)
Crossbow, small crossbow (European, Chinese)
Gastraphetes (Mediterranean)
German stone bow (European)
Pistol crossbow (subcategory)
Repeating crossbow, Chu-ko-nu, Zhuge Nu (Chinese)
Skåne lockbow (European)


Kestros, cestrosphendone, cestrus, kestrophedrone (Mediterranean)
Sling (paleolithic, Mediterranean, European)
Stave sling, fustibale (Mediterranean)
Blowgun Edit
Blowgun, blow tube, blowpipe (worldwide)
Fukiya (Japanese)

Gunpowder weapons

An illustration of an "eruptor," a proto-cannon, from the 14th century Ming Dynasty book Huolongjing. The cannon was capable of firing proto-shells, cast-iron bombs filled with gunpowder.
Arquebus, caliver, hackbut, harkbus, harquebus (European)
Blunderbuss, donderbus (European)
Carbine (European)
Culverin (European)
Fire lance (Chinese)
Hand cannon (Chinese, European)
Huochong (Chinese)
Lantaka (Philippines, Southeast Asia)
Long gun (European)
Musket (Chinese, European)
Pistol (European)
Rabauld, ribauiidkin, ribault, organ gun (European)
Tu Huo Qiang (Chinese)
Wheellock, wheel-lock, wheel Lock

Composite projectile weapons
Having a built-in gun or ranged weapon combined with some other type of weapon.

Ax match and wheellock (European axe with five barrells under a removable blade)[3]
Carbine ax (European axe)
Halberd double-barreled wheellock (European Halberd)[3]
Mace wheellock (European mace)
Matchlock ax/dagger (European axe, dagger, matchlock combination)[3]
Pistol sword (European sword)
War hammer wheellock (European pick/hammer)[3]


Bullwhip (Worldwide)
Cat o' nine tails (European)
Chain whip, jiujiebian, qijiebian, samjitbin (Chinese)
Knout (Eastern Europe)
Lasso, lariat, uurga (Americas, Chinese)
Nagyka (Eastern European)
Sjambok, chicotte, fimbo, imvubu, kiboko, kurbash, litupa, mnigolo (Africa)
Smallwhips, crops (worldwide)
Stockwhip (Australia)
Urumi, chuttuval (Indian)

Sectional or composite
Having multiple handles or holdable sections.

Nunchaku (Okinawan)
Samjigun, sansetsukon (Chinese, Japanese, Okinawan)
Tabak-Toyok, chako (Southeast Asian)
Two-section staff, xhang xiao ban (Chinese; could also be considered a polearm)
Three-section staff, (Chinese)

Chain weapons
Having a heavy object attached to a flexible chain. Wielded by swinging, throwing, or projecting the end, as well as wrapping, striking, and blocking with the chain.

Chigiriki (Japanese)
Cumberjung, double-ended flail, flail with quoits (Middle Asian)[3]
Flail, fleau d'armes, Kriegsflegel (European)
Flying claws (Chinese)
Kusari-gama (Japanese)
Kyoketsu-shoge (Japanese)
Kusari-fundo, manriki, manriki-gusari, manrikigusari (Japanese)
Meteor hammer, dai chui, dragon's fist, flying hammer, liu xing chui, sheng bao (Chinese)
Rope dart, jouhyou, rope javelin, sheng biao (Chinese, Japanese)
Slungshot (European, Chinese, Japanese; improvised; not to be confused with a slingshot)
Surujin, suruchin (Okinawan)


Used not only to block strikes and missiles but also swung outwardly (or in quick upward motions) to strike an opponent. Also used to rush an opponent (known as shield bashing). Some shields had spikes, sharp edges, or other offensive designs.

Aspis, hoplon (Mediterranean)
Buckler (European)
Ceremonial shields, hide, leather, wickerwork (worldwide, tribal)
Heater shield, heraldic shield (European)
Hungarian shield (European)
Ishlangu (African)
Kite shield (European)
Scuta, oval scutum, tower or rectangular scutum (Mediterranean)
Targe (European)
Last edited by FiredClay on Mon Jun 27, 2016 6:11 pm, edited 2 times in total.

Posts: 117
Joined: Sat Dec 26, 2015 11:24 pm

Re: Categories of troop by era in history

Post by FiredClay » Mon Jun 27, 2016 3:34 am

List of medieval weapon in this link


Posts: 117
Joined: Sat Dec 26, 2015 11:24 pm

Re: Categories of troop by era in history

Post by FiredClay » Mon Jun 27, 2016 3:38 am

Renaissance-era weapons

Basilisk (cannon)
Executioner's sword
Lantern shield
Messer (weapon)
Pike (weapon)
Swiss arms and armour
Swiss dagger
Swiss degen
Wall gun

Posts: 117
Joined: Sat Dec 26, 2015 11:24 pm

Re: Categories of troop by era in history

Post by FiredClay » Mon Jun 27, 2016 3:39 am

18th century weapons

1796 Heavy Cavalry Sword
Brown Bess
Charleville musket
M1752 Musket
Military of the Afsharid dynasty of Persia
Model 1795 Musket
Musket Model 1777
Napoleonic weaponry and warfare
Nock gun
Pattern 1796 light cavalry sabre
Pistol sword
Potzdam Musket 1723
Scottish broadsword
Small sword
Spike bayonet
Twelve-pound cannon

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